How to Recognize and Treat a Stomach Ache from Indigestion

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If you have indigestion, you may experience a variety of symptoms, including heartburn, stomach pain and nausea. Indigestion is usually caused by excess stomach acid coming into contact with the sensitive, protective lining of the digestive system (mucosa).

Symptoms of indigestion include:

Indigestion is a common stomach problem that can be caused by stress, too much food or drink, and eating too quickly. Nausea with or without vomiting may occur at the onset of indigestion symptoms. Other symptoms may include:

  • heartburn (burning sensation in the chest)
  • regurgitation (the feeling that food is being forced up into your throat)
  • bloating (fullness of the belly)
  • excessive gas (belching)

Heartburn, or a burning pain or discomfort that may move from your stomach to your abdomen or chest, or even up into your throat

Heartburn, or a burning pain or discomfort that may move from your stomach to your abdomen or chest, or even up into your throat. Heartburn can be caused by foods that are high in fat, spicy foods, alcohol, or caffeine. It can also be caused by certain medications.

Regurgitation, a bitter acid that finds it ways into the throat or mouth and sometimes includes a foul odor

Regurgitation is the tendency for stomach acid to make its way up into your throat or mouth. This can sometimes be accompanied by a foul odor and burning sensation in your throat and mouth.

The cause of regurgitation is usually heartburn, which is one of the most common symptoms of indigestion. Heartburn occurs when stomach acid backs up from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube connecting your mouth and throat). When this happens, you may feel a burning sensation in your chest or experience discomfort in other parts of your body such as behind the breastbone or between ribs on either side of the sternum (breastbone), which can radiate outward toward shoulders on either side.


Bloating is a symptom of indigestion. It’s caused by trapped gas that has been held in the stomach, causing you to feel like you’re carrying around a water balloon. If you’re experiencing bloating, try eating smaller meals and avoiding foods that cause gas. You should also avoid carbonated beverages, which tend to make the bloating worse.

If your bloat doesn’t go away after avoiding these things for a few days, it may be time to see your doctor—you might have an underlying health problem or other issue on top of indigestion!

Excessive gas (belching, burping or flatulence)

If you suffer from excessive gas, there are a few ways you can reduce the amount of gas in your body. Caffeine and carbonated beverages both have a tendency to make your stomach gurgle, so cut back on them if they cause you problems. Also try eating more fiber-rich foods such as broccoli and whole grains; these foods will help keep things moving along smoothly without causing an uncomfortable feeling in your abdomen.

If indigestion is caused by excessive gas, the best thing to do is try eating small meals throughout the day rather than large ones at night. If this doesn’t work for you (and it may not), taking an antacid such as Tums after meals can help relieve some of the discomfort associated with heartburn due to indigestion caused by too much acid build up or bloating from overeating certain foods like fried chicken wings or macaroni cheese.

Nausea with or without vomiting

Nausea is not the same as vomiting. In fact, nausea can be one of the first symptoms of an illness and not necessarily a sign that you are about to vomit. Nausea has many possible causes and does not always mean that you are about to vomit. It’s important to understand how to recognize nausea as a symptom of indigestion so that you can treat it correctly and prevent other health problems from developing later on.

Nausea is often used as a general term for feelings of sickness in your stomach or abdomen, but technically it refers specifically to this type of feeling without any specific cause: “The patient reported trouble eating due to nausea” (WebMD). Sometimes nausea is caused by motion sickness — traveling in cars, planes or boats — especially when accompanied by vertigo or dizziness (Mayo Clinic Staff)

If you experience frequent bouts of intense nausea along with other symptoms like diarrhea or vomiting after eating certain types of foods then it could be an indication that something else may be wrong with your digestive system such as food allergies or intolerance difficulties that require further investigation by doctors familiar with those conditions

Acidic taste in the mouth

If you experience a sour taste in your mouth, this is one of the most common symptoms associated with indigestion. The stomach produces hydrochloric acid to help digest food. The acid helps break down proteins and carbohydrates by reducing them into smaller components that can be absorbed into the bloodstream. If a person has too much or too little stomach acid, it can lead to pain and discomfort in the digestive system, including heartburn and nausea.

A sour taste in your mouth comes from excess stomach acid moving up into your esophagus. This happens when there’s an increase in pressure inside of your abdomen (intestine). Once there’s enough pressure built up from excess gas from digestion or constipation (or both), it forces its way up through the esophagus causing heartburn symptoms like bloating, belching and nausea (the feeling of wanting to throw up). Sour tasting food doesn’t cause these symptoms because it isn’t acidic enough for them!

Gurgling, rumbling, or growling stomach discomfort

You can tell whether your stomach is growling, rumbling or gurgling because of the food you ate. If you eat a lot of food at once and don’t wait long enough to digest it, the stomach will growl. If you have a healthy meal with lots of fiber and liquids, then your tummy will rumble when it’s full of good stuff. But if your stomach doesn’t have any food in it at all and starts to digest itself (which happens during starvation), then it will gurgle!

Your body uses different sounds for different kinds of problems that happen inside its digestive system:

Chronic indigestion (dyspepsia) without any obvious cause

Dyspepsia is often a symptom of other health issues, such as heartburn and acid reflux. In these cases, your doctor may refer to the problem as dyspepsia with no apparent cause.

Chronic indigestion (dyspepsia) without any obvious cause: Symptoms of chronic indigestion include nausea, bloating and a burning feeling in the upper stomach that typically begins one to two hours after eating. Sometimes it’s accompanied by gas that causes belching or an acidic taste in your mouth. Other symptoms include an empty feeling in your abdomen after eating and heartburn or acid reflux before bedtime or when lying down flat on your back, according to Mayo Clinic experts on digestive disorders

The symptoms of indigestion are from stomach acid splashing back up into the esophagus.

It’s important to recognize the symptoms of indigestion because they can give you a hint as to what’s happening in your body. Symptoms include:

  • A painful burning sensation in the chest, often described as heartburn or acid reflux. This is caused by stomach acid splashing back up into the esophagus and burning it from there. It can also cause vomiting if it gets into the throat or airways (which is rare).
  • Regurgitation — when food comes back up into your mouth after swallowing it, causing an acidic taste and gurgling or rumbling sounds from your stomach. This happens when too much food goes down at once, which causes discomfort for both you and your digestive system.
  • Bloating — where you feel like there’s extra gas trapped inside of you that just won’t seem to get out no matter how hard you try! Bloating happens when gas is produced faster than it can be released through burping or flatulence (farting). Over time this leads to uncomfortable pressure on different organs within our bodies such as our lungs/lung tissue (pneumonia), heart muscles(cardiomyopathy), lymph nodes under arm pits called axillary lymphadenopathy , etc..
  • Excessive Gas production – due to bacteria breaking down foods we consume without digesting them properly before passing through intestinal walls into colon where more bacteria flourish causing more fermentation leading up until finally reaching rectum where


If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms and think you might have indigestion, it’s important to take a moment to relax. Stress can make your stomach ache worse. Try taking deep breaths, meditating, or going for a walk. You can also try lying down in a comfortable position, like on your back with your legs rested up against a wall. Remember: there are no instant cures for indigestion, so be patient with yourself!

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